Uttarakhand, a Himalayan State of Indian Subcontinent
Uttarakhand has a great diversity of flora and fauna. It has a recorded forest area of 34,651 km2 which
constitutes 65% of the total area of the state. Uttarakhand is home to rare species of plants and animals,
many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. National parks in Uttarakhand include the
Jim Corbett National Park (the oldest national park of India) at Ramnagar in Nainital District,
and Valley of Flowers National Park and Nanda Devi National Park in Chamoli District, which together
are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A number of plant species in the valley are internationally threatened,
including several that have not been recorded from elsewhere in Uttarakhand. Rajaji National Park in
Haridwar District and Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Sanctuary and Gangotri National Park in
Uttarkashi District are some other protected areas in the state.
All this make it suitable for terrific avifaunal diversity. Till date 1303 bird species recorded from India more than 50% (724 approximate) are found in Uttarakhand. It include Himalayan Forest Thrush (Soothera salimali) is the newest species discovered at Uttarakhand and China border.